Authentic Spaghetti alla Carbonara

Spaghetti alla Carbonara: when it's good, it can make your eyes roll back in your head with pleasure. It lurks there, beckoning, batting its eyelashes on Italian menus. When you don't order it, you usually end up wishing you had.

Do you ever make it at home? Seems easy enough, right? It's basically just bacon, eggs, and pasta. But like most things with few ingredients, there is a technique that binds all the magic together and if you don't have really great ingredients and a grasp of a few key pieces of technique, you'll be let down — possibly with scrambled eggs on your pasta.

The majority of chefs agree that "true" carbonara has guanciale and not bacon or pancetta, although both alternatives make fine substitutions. My experience is that if you can get your hands on guanciale, it will make a noticeable difference. Most chefs, though not all, say no cream, and just about everyone says that under no circumstances do peas belong in carbonara.

The key to good spaghetti alla carbonara, like any good piece of cooking, and especially this one, is the quality of the ingredients. But what about those ingredients? For a dish with so few, there is a lot of debate. Cream or no cream? Onions and garlic, or not? Anything green in there? Whatever your inclination, get the best quality possible, even if it's peas.

Want to hear more? I asked around and spoke to a few well-known chefs — here's what they said:

• Mario Batali ‏told me it's about "great eggs, guanciale, pecorino, and black pepper." The carbonara at his NYC osteria Lupa is one of my favorites. He garnishes the dish with a few very thin slivers of green onion which adds a nice pop of flavor and color, though I'm not sure it needs it.

• Jody Williams, the chef/owner of Buvette and formerly of Gotino in New York City (and a woman who knows her Italian food after living in Italy for several years) says there is a northern Italian tradition of adding a splash of cream. "It's always made with spaghetti and never garnished with anything."

• Nate Appleman, co-author of A16: Food & Wine told me to only use dry pasta because the texture is better for clinging on to the sauce, and because carbonara was a peasant dish and only high society Romans would have access to fresh egg pasta.

So, how do you make spaghetti alla carbonara? Obviously there are many, but here is my way. As always, leave your thoughts in the comments.

Authentic Spaghetti alla Carbonara 

serves 4-6

  • 1 pound dry spaghetti
  • 4 fresh large eggs
  • 8 ounces guanciale, pancetta or slab bacon, cubed
  • 1/2 cup freshly grated Parmigiano-Reggiano
  • 1/2 cup freshly grated Pecorino
  • Freshly cracked black pepper
  • Sea salt


Bring about 6 quarts of generously salted water (it should taste like the ocean) to a boil, add the spaghetti and cook for 8-10 minutes or until al dente.

While the pasta is cooking, heat a large skillet over medium heat. Add the guanciale and sauté for about 3 minutes, or until the meat is crispy and golden and has rendered its fat. Turn off the heat.

In a small bowl whisk the eggs and the cheeses until well-combined.

When the pasta is done, reserve 1/2 cup of the water, then drain.

Return the guanciale pan to medium heat, and add half of the reserved pasta water to the pan. Toss in the spaghetti and agitate the pan over the heat for a few seconds until the bubbling subsides. Much of the water will evaporate

Remove the pan from the heat and add the egg mixture and stirring quickly until the eggs thicken. The residual heat will cook the eggs but work quickly to prevent the eggs from scrambling. If the sauce seems too thick, thin it out with a little bit more of the reserved pasta water.

Season liberally with freshly cracked black pepper. (Taste for seasoning: depending on the kind of pork used, it may not need any salt.)

Divide the pasta into bowls and serve immediately. 

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